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Courtesy: Benjamin Wong

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在城市治理領域實施環境、社會和治理價值

Implementation of Environmental, Social, and Governance Values in the Area of Urban Governance

緣起

由於經濟發展,大多數國家的公民不斷從農村向城市遷移。根據聯合國(2018 年)的數據,到 2050 年,預計將有 68% 的世界人口居住在城市。就亞洲而言,目前的城市化水平相對較低,約為 50%。然而,隨著印度和中國的繼續發展,預計它將顯著增長。

由於當今城市在我們的生活中扮演著比以往任何時候都更加重要的角色,因此我們有責任確保它們得到安全和可持續的管理。城市人口增長不是可以阻止的趨勢;因此,社會需要適應它。為了滿足這些需求,城市治理的理念應運而生。

什麼是城市治理?

城市治理描述了城市地區政府的複雜性以及國家機構與公民社會之間的關係。自 1980年代初以來,城市管理方式發生了無數次現代化。世界上許多地區已經在權力、決策和民主代表方面發生了變化。此外,新的治理方式強調積極公民、社區賦權和地方政府現代化。因此,這種獨特的管理風格希望為以前被忽視的公民和社區帶來力量。

為什麼 ESG 價值觀對城市治理至關重要?

在城市地區的治理方式中實施環境、社會和治理 (ESG) 價值觀無疑不是一件容易的事。現代城市需要應對的關鍵挑戰主要是確保它們的可持續性,控制那些在規則中的人,並致力於持續改進。這個過程從適當的治理開始,因為領導者的責任不僅是實施 ESG政策,而且還要不斷地改進這些政策。

 

為了使 ESG 值產生令人滿意的結果並帶來真正的變化,需要存在兩個關鍵的先決條件。首先,該戰略必須是更重要運動的一部分,但同時,它必須保持實用性,不會給現有和新的運營帶來太多負擔。其次,政策的設計需要考慮到靈活性。換句話說,程序需要適合不同的資產和成長階段,以及接受過不同培訓的人。

 

由於其複雜性,一旦 ESG 價值觀得到適當實施,它們就會影響整個規則體系。這是ESG 戰略與其他公司職能不同的領域。也就是說,ESG 標準可以存在於與城市治理相關的各個領域,如金融、建築、建設、供應鏈、城市規劃、環境等。一旦 ESG 值完全滲透到系統中,就是它們最有效的時候。

 

結論

顯然,由於經濟發展和農村向城市的遷移,管理城市的方式必須改進。 21 世紀的現實與人類過去所適應的大相徑庭。社會比以往任何時候都更加一體化。因此,一種新的城市治理方式必須出現。 ESG 是一個總稱,在城市治理方面,它希望連接所有重要的參與者和行業。

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Courtesy: Denys Nevozhai

Introduction

 

As a result of economic development, citizens of most countries have been continuously migrating from rural to urban areas. According to the United Nations (2018), by 2050, 68% of the world population is projected to live in cities. When it comes to Asia, the current level of urbanization is relatively low, around 50%. However, it is projected to grow significantly as India and China continue developing (The United Nations, 2018). Since cities nowadays play a more critical role in our lives than ever before, it is our responsibility to ensure that they are governed safely and sustainably. The growing urban population is not a trend that
can be stopped; thus, society needs to adapt to it. In order to fulfill those needs, the idea of urban governance was born.

What is Urban Governance?

 

Urban governance describes the complexity of governments in urban areas and the relationships between state agencies and civil society (Raco, 2009). Since the early 1980s, there has been a myriad of modernizations to the way cities are administrated. Many regions around the world have already seen changes in power, decision-making, and democratic representation. Moreover, the new style of governance puts a strong emphasis on active citizenship, community empowerment, and local government modernization. As a result, this unique management style hopes to bring power to previously neglected citizens and communities (Raco, 2009).

Why are ESG Values Crucial to the Urban Governance?

 

Implementing the Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) values in the way urban regions are governed is undoubtedly not an easy task. The key challenges that modern cities need to deal with are mainly ensuring their sustainability, keeping those in rule in check, and working on persisting improvements. This process begins with the proper governance, as it is the responsibility of the leaders to not only implement the ESG policies but also constantly work on their enhancements (Zeng, 2021).

Two crucial preconditions need to be present in order for ESG values to give satisfactory results and bring real change. Firstly, the strategy has to be a part of a more significant movement, but at the same time, it has to stay practical and not provide too much burden to existing and new operations. Secondly, policies need to be designed with flexibility in mind. In other words, procedures need to be adequate to different assets and stages of growth, as well as people with diverse training (Zeng, 2021). 

Due to their complex nature, once ESG values are appropriately implemented, they influence the whole system of rule. This is the area where the ESG strategies are different from other corporate functions (Zeng, 2021). That is to say, ESG standards can be present in all kinds of areas related to urban governance, such as finance, architecture, construction, supply chain, urban planning, environment, and many more. Once the ESG values fully penetrate the system is when they are the most effective.

Conclusions

It is clear that due to the economic development and rural to urban migration, a way of managing cities has to improve. The realities of the 21st century vastly vary from what humankind adapted to in the past. Societies are more integrated than ever. For that reason, a new style of urban governance has to emerge. ESG is an umbrella term, and when it comes to city governance, it hopes to connect all of the important actors and industries.

References

 

Raco, M. (2009). Governance, Urban. In International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (pp. 622–627). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008044910-4.01089-0
The United Nations. (2018, May 16). 68% of the world population projected to live in urban areas by 2050, says UN. 
https://www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/2018-revision-of-worldurbanization-prospects.html

Zeng, H. J. (2021, June 18). Paying more attention to the governance aspect of the
Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) equation.
https://blogs.harvard.edu/zenghanjun/?cat=300011&paged=2

​About the Author

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Patryk Chojecki is a researcher and writer at Taiwan Architecture and Building Center. He is currently a graduate student at National Chengchi University in Taipei. He is passionate about all topics related to international politics, environment, and international political economy.

 

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